Ephesians 1: 2 – Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord, Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord, Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ;
Ephesians 1:17 – the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him;
Ephesians 1:18 – having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of his calling, and what are the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 1:19 – and what is the exceeding greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to that working of the strength of his might
Ephesians 1:20 – which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places,
Ephesians 1:21 – far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come.
Ephesians 1:22 – He put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the assembly.
Ephesians 1:20-22 is often cited by trinitarians and others to support the idea that Jesus is the Almighty, and that thus Jesus is the Almighty Yahweh of the Old Testament. Trinitarians would have us believe that this is so since they claim that Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is three persons, and thus Jesus shares the attribute of “Most High” and “Almighty” with his Father. However the idea that Jesus is Yahweh has to be assumed, and somehow vaguely read this into the verses, while ignoring what it actually says, in order to imagine, assume, add to, and read into the verses that Jesus is Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Ephesians 1:20-22 does not speak of Jesus as Almighty, but speaks of the one identified unipersonally in Ephesiasn 1:3 as the “God” of Jesus. This “God” is the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and in the verse 17 we read that this unipersonal God of Jesus is the One who is performing His works to and through Jesus, saying “he [the unipersonal God of Jesus] worked in [by means of] Christ [the one Anointed by the unipersonal God of Jesus], when he [the unipersonal God of Jesus] raised him [Jesus] from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule [with the evident exception of the Most High — 1 Corinthians 15:27], and power, and dominion, and every name that is name, not only in this world [age], but in that which is come. He [the unipersonal God of Jesus] put all things [with the evident exception of the Most High – 1 Corinthians 15:27] in subjection under his [Jesus’] feet.”
Thus rather than saying that Jesus is the Almighty, Paul shows that Jesus is not the Almighty, since the Almighty does not have another who is Mightier so as do these things that are spoken of in Ephesians 1:20-22.
Likewise, these verses show that the “all rule” is given to Jesus by One who has great power; thus if the fact that this rulership is given to Jesus means that Jesus is Most High, it would also follow that until this rulership was given to Jesus, Jesus was not the Most High. In reality, the fact that this rulership is given to Jesus proves that Jesus is not the Most High. Also the fact that this rulership, authority and power is given to him by another is evidence that the One who gave to Jesus is power is excluded, as Paul shows in 1 Corinthians 15:27. Thus Jesus is not being depicted as the Most High, nor as the God of the Old Testament.
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