Romans 14:10: The Judgment Seat

Romans 14:10 – But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. — World English

Romans 14:10 – But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you regard your brother with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. — New American Standard.

The Westcott & Hort text has “judgment seat of God” in Romans 14:10, while the Textus Receptus has “judgment seat of Christ.”

2 Corinthians 5:10 – For we must all be revealed before the judgment seat of Christ; that each one may receive the things in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

The above scriptures have been offered as proof that Jesus is “God”, evidently since one scripture (at least in the earlier manuscripts) speaks of the Christian appearing before the judgment seat of God, while the other refers to the judgment seat of Christ.

To appear before the judgment seat of Christ is to appear before the judgment seat of God. This is true because the unipersonal “God” judges by means of the one he has ordained.

Romans 2:16 in the day when God will judge the secrets of men, according to my gospel, by Jesus Christ.

“God” in this verse refers to one person, not three, and that one person is said to judge the secrets of men by means of Jesus the one anointed — made christ — by the unipersonal God. — Isaiah 61:1,2; Acts 2:36; 10:38;

Acts 17:31 he has appointed a day in which he will judge the world in righteousness by the man whom he has ordained.

“He” refers back to “God” in Acts 17:30. The word “God” is being of one person, not three, since Acts 17:31 distinguishes “God” from the one that “God” has ordained. The only true God (John 17:3) has committed all judgment to his Son:

John 5:22 For neither does the Father judge any man, but he has given all judgment to the Son.

The fact that this authority to judge is given to Jesus shows that Jesus is not the only true God, since the only true God does not need anyone to give him authority to judge.

That Christ’s seat of judgment is also Yahweh’s seat of judgment offers no proof that Christ is Yahweh. We should note some parallel scriptures:

1 Kings 1:48 – Also thus said the king [David], Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who has given one to sit on my throne this day, my eyes even seeing it.

1 Kings 2:24 – Now therefore as Yahweh lives, who has established me [Solomon], and set me on the throne of David my father, and who has made me a house, as he promised, surely Adonijah shall be put to death this day

1 Chronicles 29:23 – Then Solomon sat on the throne of Yahweh as king instead of David his father, and prospered; and all Israel obeyed him.

Solomon sits on the throne of David — yet he also sits on the throne of Yahweh. No one thinks that this proves that David is Yahweh, yet many use the such reasoning to try to prove that Jesus is the only true God who sent Jesus.

The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, by means of his holy spirit, reveals through the scriptures that Jesus was sent by Yahweh, speaks for Yahweh as his unipersonal God and Father, represents Yahweh, and was raised and glorified by the unipersonal God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jesus never claimed to be, nor do the scriptures present Jesus as, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, whom Jesus represents and speaks for. — Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Matthew 22:32; 23:39; Mark 11:9,10; 12:26; Luke 13:35; 20:37; John 3:2,17,32-35; 4:34; 5:19,30,36,43; 6:57; 7:16,28; 8:26,28,38; 10:25; 12:49,50; 14:10; 15:15; 17:8,26; 20:17; Acts 2:22,34-36; 3:13-26; 5:30; Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 8:6; 11:31; Colossians 1:3,15; 2:9-12; Hebrews 1:1-3; Revelation 1:1.

         
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