Matthew 4:2-4; Luke 4:1-4 and The Alleged Dual Nature of Jesus

Matthew 4:2 When he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was hungry afterward.
Matthew 4:3 The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
Matthew 4:4 But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.'”

Luke 4:1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness
Luke 4:2 for forty days, being tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days. Afterward, when they were completed, he was hungry.
Luke 4:3 The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.”
Luke 4:4 Jesus answered him, saying, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.'”

The above scriptures have been presented in connection with the alleged idea that Jesus has two natures, that Jesus has two levels of being, one being that of “God”, and the other being that of “man”, both at once. According to this idea, Jesus is fully God and fully man, both at the same time.

It is evidently being assumed that Jesus is here depicted as being hungry as a “man” and that he also depicted as “God”, having the ability to turn stone into bread.

It is possible that some believe the expression “Son of God” is supposed to mean the alleged “God nature/being” of Jesus, and, of course, “Man” is in reference to Jesus as a man, and thus it is being imagined and assumed from this that Jesus possesses the being of God — the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and also that he is being expressed as a man, both at he same time.

See the study:
Son of God and Son of Man

The devil here recognizes Jesus to be, not the “God” of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but rather “the Son of God”. “God” in the expression “Son of God” refers not to three persons, but only to one person. Jesus identified who this one person is in John 17:1,3. It was Yahweh, the unipersonal God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who sent Jesus. (Exodus 3:14,15; Deuteronomy 18:15-18; Isaiah 61:1; Matthew 10:40; Mark 9:37; Luke 4:18; Luke 9:48; 10:16: John 3:16,17; 4:34; 5:23,24,30,36; 5:37,38; 6:38-40,44; 7:16,28,29,33; 8:16,18,26,29,42; 9:4; 10:36; 11:42; 12:44,45,49; 13:20; 14:24; 15:21; 16:5; 17:3,8,18,21,25; Acts 3:13-26; Galatians 4:4; 1 John 4:9,10) Rather than there being any reference to Jesus as being the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the expression refers to Jesus as the Son of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

See the study:

Who Is Jesus?

Jesus, of course, having received unlimited access to the “holy spirit of God” (John 3:34; Acts 10:38; Ephesians 4;30), could have used his power that he had received from the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to turn bread into stone, but he did not. For a man to use any or all of his powers to satisfy hunger would certainly, under normal circumstances, be no sin. But the circumstances were peculiar — Jesus had just received special powers in connection with the holy Spirit, and now the devil would seek to use the situation of his hunger to bring Jesus into obedience to the devil. The proposal of Satan the devil was indeed a temptation to Jesus, who was surely weak from fasting. Jesus, having been born of the woman Mary, and thus, under the Law Covenant with Moses (Galatians 4:4), therefore appealed to that Law Covenant to relate what was Yahweh’s will regarding this matter. — Deuteronomy 8:3.

Nor does the fact that Jesus could perform miracles by means of God’s spirit, God’s figurative finger, mean that Jesus is the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. (Luke 11:20; Matthew 12:28) Jesus performed the role of a prophet, the foretold “prophet like Moses”. (Deuternomy 18:15-19; Acts 3:13-26; Hebrews 1:1,2) Like the prophets of old, Jesus received his power and authority from the only true God. Jesus stated that he did th4e works of his Father, the One whom he unipersonally spoke of as his “God” and as “the only true God”. (John 5:36; 10:25,32; 14:10; 17:1,3; 20:17) We are specifically told in Acts 2:22 that is was the unipersonal “God” who performed the works by means of the “man” Jesus; nothing is ever said that Jesus was God performing such miracles. It was the “man” Jesus through whom the unipersonal God did his works, including any miracles.

Indeed, one has to use the spirit of human imagination in order to find anything in the above Biblical testimony that Jesus possessed two levels of sentiency at once. The only real reason to so is to support man’s dogma which has to be added to, and read into, the scriptures. The Bible is fully in harmony with itself without adding such dogma.

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord, Jesus Christ. — Ephesians 1:3.

Click Here for studies related to “Hypostatic Union”



Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
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