Isaiah 44:6 – The King and Redeemer of Israel

One trinitarian states: “The prophet Isaiah speaks of two Persons as Jehovah. We read; ‘Thus saith Jehovah, the King of lsrael, and His Redeemer, Jehovah of hosts: I am the first, and I am the last, and besides Me there is no God’ (Is. 44:6). Jehovah is here revealed as (1) ‘the King of Israel,’ and as (2) ‘His Redeemer.’ Both of them bear the name Jehovah.” Another tell us that in Isaiah 44:6, “two YAHWEHS speak as one.” Another states concerning Isaiah 44:6: “In this passage of the Old Testament, two Jehovahs are mentioned, indicating two divine beings with one name Jehovah.”

The thought by some of our trinitarian neighbors is evidently that there is one Yahweh speaking, who is the King of Israel, and there is another Yahweh who is Yahweh’s redeemer (evidently with the thought that redeemer refers to Jesus), who is also called Yahweh of hosts, and that this in some vague manner supposedly proves a plurality of persons in the trinitarian idea of Godhead. Is this really what Isaiah is saying? Is he speaking of two Yahwehs in this verse, one who is the King of Israel, and another who is Yahweh’s redeemer?

Actually, the thought of two Yahwehs has to be read into the text. Yahweh is speaking and Yahweh is the Redeemer of Israel. There is nothing here about two persons and certainly nothing about a plurality of persons in one God.

Some renderings make this clearer (Remember that “the LORD” — the title, Lord — has been substituted for the divine name, Yahweh):

This is what the LORD, Israel’s King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty, says: I am the First and the Last; there is no other God. — New Living Translation

The Lord, who rules and protects Israel, the Lord Almighty, has this to say: “I am the first, the last, the only God; there is no other god but me. — Good News in Today’s English

The Lord, the king of Israel, is the Lord All-Powerful, who saves Israel. — New Century Version

The LORD is Israel’s king and defender. He is the LORD of Armies. — God’s Word Translation

The Lord, the King of Israel, even the Lord of armies who has taken up his cause. — Bible in Basic English

Yahweh also says in this scripture: “I am the first and I am the last.” Yahweh, of course, is the first and last of all who are uncreated. Yahweh is also the first and last in Might, since he is the source of all might. There was no God formed before him (since he has always been) and there will no god formed after him (since he will always be). (Isaiah 43:10) None of the idol gods formed by the hands of men can claim to be the first and last. Nor can any of these idols claim to be the Mighty One as does Yahweh: “besides me there is no God [elohim, meaning Might].” — Isaiah 44:8-20.

See our studies:

Alpha and Omega, First and Last

Revelation 1:17; 2:8 – The First and the Last

Revelation 22:13 – I am Alpha and Omega

Revelation 2:8 and the Alleged “Dual Nature” of Christ

Thus we find that there is nothing here to support the idea of a plurality of persons in one God. Indeed, one does have make use of the human imagination,  formulate presupposed assumption, and then read those assumptions into what is stated. The most natural reading, in harmony with the entire testimony of the Bible, is that Isaiah speaks of Yahweh as both the  king and redeemer of Israel, not that there are two Yahwehs being spoken of in this verse.

See also:

Deuteronomy 6:4 – The Meaning of Echad

One argues that we are misrepresenting the trinity doctrine by claiming that trinitarians believe in “two Yahwehs”. In fact, we are only repeating what trinitarians have said, and it is the trinitarians who speak of “two Yahwehs”, or “two Jehovahs”, in Isaiah 44:6 and other verses.  To verify this, all one needs to do is search with Google for “+two +Yahwehs”, “+two +Jehovahs”, “+two +YHWHs”, etc.

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