Jesus: Body, Soul and Spirit

Several Scriptures have been presented regarding Jesus’ body, soul and spirit, and the claim is made that “the Son in his humanity, is body, soul and spirit’, and that “the Son in his deity, is a Spirit.” We would tend agree with the statements as given, but it seems to be that the intent is to somehow show that these scriptures express the dualistic natures, or what some refer to as the hypostatic union, of Jesus as being two alleged “natures” at once, one nature of being the Most High, and the other nature of being a human being. We have decided to examine these scriptures here.

We do agree that Jesus, in his deity before being made flesh was most certainly spirit, and that after his resurrection, having been raised as a spirit being, is a spirit, possessing the plenitude of mightiness bodily. — Colossians 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:18.
See:
Colossians 2:9 – The Fullness of Deity

Jesus Died a Human Being – Raised a Spirit Being

He was not, however, a spirit being while he was in the days of his flesh; he did not then possess the glory of the celestial body, but rather he had the glory of the terrestrial body, a little lower than the angels. — John 17:5; 1 Corinthians 15:40; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Hebrews 2:9.

Jesus became a spirit being when he was made alive in his resurrection from death. — Romans 1:4; 6:9; 2 Peter 3:18.

Matthew 26:12

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
For when she poured this perfume on My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial.

Toward the close of Jesus’ Ministry He came to Bethany, to the home of Lazarus, Martha and Mary — the same Lazarus whom He had awakened from the sleep of death. Mary chose this opportunity to pour some expensive perfumed oil upon the the Master’s head, which Jesus declared was in preparation for his burial.

Jesus was about lay down his sinless soul (Greek, transliterated psuche, Strong’s #5590) as a human. (Matthew 20:28; John 10:11) However, Jesus’ soul, like that of Adam, includes his body of flesh. (Genesis 2:7; Hebrews 10:10) In giving his soul, including his body, he suffered once for all as an offering for sin. (1 Peter 3:10; Romans 5:12-19; 1 Corinthians 15:21,22) It was indeed most appropriate that his body be prepared for burial in the manner stated, for it illustrated the expensive price that Jesus was about to pay for sin. — Psalm 49:7,8.

Once having sacrificed his flesh, and presenting it in heaven to his God and Father, Jesus did not take back that flesh. He is no longer in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), but is now a mighty spirit being endowed with a mightiness that much higher than that of the angels.

However, he was not both a mighty spirit being high above the angels and a human being a little lower than the angels while he was in the days of his flesh. He was, in the days of his flesh, a little lower than the angels; he did not possess the celestial, spiritual glory while he was in the days of his flesh.

See:
1 Peter 3:18 – Jesus Died a Human Being – Raised a Spirit Being

Hebrews 2:9 – Is Jesus Still a Little Lower than the Angels?

With What Kind of Body Will We Be Raised?


Matthew 26:38

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
Then He *said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, to the point of death; remain here and keep watch with Me.”

Jesus made his human soul “an offering for sin”; he “poured out his soul to death” (Isaiah 53:10, 12; Matthew 26:38), and descended into the Bible hell, but “his soul was not left in hell [sheol/hades – a state of unknowing].” Thus, Jesus’ soul was in the Bible hell while he was dead, but it did not remain there. His, “soul”, however in coming out of sheol, was not his sacrificed human soul, his sentiency a little lower than the angels, which was offered once for all time on behalf of mankind, but was raised the exalted glorified soul, for he was put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit. — Psalm 16:10; Acts 2:27,31,33; 5:31; Philippians 2:9; Hebrews 2:9; 1 Peter 3:18.

See the study:
1 Peter 3:18 – Jesus Died a Human Being – Raised a Spirit Being

Luke 23:46

New King James Version (NKJV)
And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’” Having said this, He breathed His last.

Yes, Jesus, in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), was just like Adam, having the human, terrestrial, crown of glory a little lower than the angels. (Psalm 8:5; 1 Corinthians 15:40; Hebrews 2:7) When he was about to die, in harmony with Genesis 2:7 and Ecclesiastes 12:7, Jesus committed his spirit of life, the neshamah (breath of life) of Genesis 2:7, to God who had given him his life.

See:
Genesis 2:7 – Neshamah
Genesis 2:7 – A Living Soul
The Spirit – Does it Continue as a Consciousness When A Person is Dead?


Romans 8:9

New King James Version (NKJV)
But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.

1 Peter 1:11

New King James Version (NKJV)
searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow.

Acts 16:7

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
and after they came to Mysia, they were trying to go into Bithynia, and the Spirit of Jesus did not permit them;

Although since Jesus was raised from the dead, we can say that Jesus is a spirit being (1 Peter 3:18), none of the above scriptures say that Jesus is a spirit being. In the phrase “spirit of Christ”, or “spirit of Jesus”, “spirit” is something that belongs to Jesus, a power or disposition.

See:

Romans 8:9; 1 Peter 1:11 – Spirit of God and Spirit of Christ

 

Matthew 18:20

New American Standard Bible; (NASB)
20 For where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst.”

The question is raised: “Is the Son omnipresent in his deity, can he be present in different, or in all places at one time?” The question would assume that the answer is “Yes”, based on the above scripture.

Colossians 2:9 does indeed suggest the possibility that the only true God has given to Jesus the ability to be bodily present at more than one place at a time. I am not sure, however, that when Jesus spoke the words of Matthew 18:20, that he was speaking of actually being in more than one place at a time.

See:
Matthew 18:20; 28:20 – Jesus’ Presence With Us

Colossians 3:11

New American Standard Bible (NASB)
a renewal in which there is no distinction between Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave and freeman, but Christ is all, and in all.

It would seem that “Christ is all, and in all” is being understood to mean that Jesus is omnipresent, always present in all things at all times. Paul is simply expressing here, however, that Christ, as he is in the Jewish believer, is also in all believers of all races. Since this scripture is discussed elsewhere, please see:

Colossians 3:11 and Jesus’ Alleged Omnipresence

John 3:13

New King James Version (NKJV)
No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven.

Again, this scripture is discussed elsewhere, so we will not discuss it here. See:
John 3:13 and Jesus’ Supposed Omnipresence

Ephesians 4:10

New King James Version (NKJV)
10 He who descended is also the One who ascended far above all the heavens, that He might fill all things.)

This scripture, also, is discussed elsewhere, so we will not discuss it here.

See the study:
Ephesians 4:10 – Jesus Fills All

         
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4 comments to Jesus: Body, Soul and Spirit

  • . He is no longer in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), but is now a mighty spirit being endowed with a mightiness that much higher than that of the angels.

    If you would allow me this comment, I disagree with you, my brother.
    To start with, I apologize for my English so Catalan is my mother tongue.

    Jesus was raised from the dead, not as a spirit, but as the fulfillment of the Restoration of all things, that is to say, the final Comunion of the material and the spiritual.

    Take into account how Jesus himself says that his body -not only his spirit- will be raised.

    19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
    20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?
    21 But he spake of the temple of his body.

    John 2

    The body of Jesus is the First Fruit, the New Creation, the ultimate union of the spiritual and material, so God has not forsaken His creation.

    Take into account the strange -and completely new- characteristics of the body of Christ.
    It is true that it can go through walls as a spirit, but we must also remember that Jesus ate, drank, and Thomas thrust his fingers in Jesus’ side.

    Both physical and spiritual, so that’s the announcement of what will happen to the Creation, that’s why Paul wrote as follows,

    19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.
    20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,
    21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.

    Romans 8

    The whole creation will be redeemed, just as we will fully redeemed, not only our spirit, but also our flesh so that God will be all in all.

    Resurrection does not mean live in the clouds in spirit, but to be raised from the dead, in the body of our flesh.
    A redeemed flesh…

    I strongly recommend you to read N.T.Wright in order to achieve a better understanding of this issue.

    God bless you!

    • Cesc Renton:
      . He is no longer in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), but is now a mighty spirit being endowed with a mightiness that much higher than that of the angels.

      If you would allow me this comment, I disagree with you, my brother.
      To start with, I apologize for my English so Catalan is my mother tongue.

      Jesus was raised from the dead, not as a spirit, but as the fulfillment of the Restoration of all things, that is to say, the final Comunion of the material and the spiritual.

      If Jesus was raised from the dead in the flesh, rather than in the spirit (2 Peter 3:18), then this would mean that he is still a human, a little lower than the angels, to this day. It would further mean that he never gave his flesh for the life of the world, and thus there will be no fulfillment of the restoration of all things.

      See:
      Jeusus Died a Human Being – Raised a Spirit Being

      Cesc Renton:
      Take into account how Jesus himself says that his body -not only his spirit- will be raised.

      19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
      20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?
      21 But he spake of the temple of his body.

      John 2

      Jesus did not say that he would not be raised with a spirit body in the above words. Jesus was saying that he, after his God had raised him from death, would, in three days, raise his body, which he did, when appeared in the closed/locked room.

      See:
      Did Jesus Raise Himself From the Dead?
      Jesus’ Appearances in the Locked Room

    • Cesc Renton:
      The body of Jesus is the First Fruit, the New Creation, the ultimate union of the spiritual and material, so God has not forsaken His creation.

      Whatever is meant by the above, we know from the scriptures that Jesus sacrificed his body of flesh for sin. — Luke 22:19; John 6:51; 1 Corinthians 11:24; Hebrews 10:10.

      I know of no scripture that says that the physical, fleshly body of Jesus is the first fruit and thus that Jesus has to be in the flesh for all eternity, if that is what is meant by the above.

      Jesus, of course, in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), could be said to be the first fruit of God’s new creation. This is so since he was the first to have been born into this world as being not of the world that has been condemned in Adam. — Romans 5:12-19.

      Being not of this world, he was not part of the old creation which has involuntarily subjected to the bondage of corruption. — Ecclesiastes 1:2,13-15; Romans 8:19-22.

      Nevertheless, the purpose of his becoming flesh was to give that sinless flesh for sin; he did not become flesh in order to remain flesh for all eternity.

      Related:
      Firstborn of the New Creation?
      http://godandson.reslight.net/?p=1034

      Cesc Renton
      Take into account the strange -and completely new- characteristics of the body of Christ.
      It is true that it can go through walls as a spirit, but we must also remember that Jesus ate,drank, and Thomas thrust his fingers in Jesus’ side.

      The angels who appeared to Abraham could also eat and drink; this does not mean that they were not actually spiritual beings.

      Jesus, having been raised as a spirit being, could raise his former body for his appearances in the locked room.

      See:
      Jesus’ Appearance in the Locked Room
      http://godandson.reslight.net/?p=215

      Cesc Renton
      Both physical and spiritual, so that’s the announcement of what will happen to the Creation, that’s why Paul wrote as follows,

      If by “both physical and spiritual”, you mean both a physical and spiritual body, the Bible nowhere speaks of anyone possessing both the spiritual body and the physical body at the same time. In the resurrection day, they will be raised either with a spiritual body, or a physical body, as God has determined, but they will not be resurrected with both a spiritual body and a physical body.

      A physical body is associated with the earth, represented by the terrestrial glory. (1 Corinthians 15:40) A man, even with an unblemished crown of glory, is defined as being a little lower than the angels. (Psalm 8:4,5; Hebrews 2:6,7) Jesus, while he was in the days of his flesh (Hebrews 5:7), possessed the full, unblemished glory of God as being a little lower than the angels; but he came to sacrifice that glory by tasting death for all men. (Hebrews 2:9) Jesus is no longer a human, a little lower than the angels, but he now possesses a celestial glory that is above the angels. — Hebrews 1:4; 1 Peter 3:18,22

      See the studies:
      With What Kind of Body Will We Be Raised?
      http://life.rlbible.com/?p=1006
      The Manner of the Resurrection
      http://life.rlbible.com/?p=1

    • Cesc Renton
      19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.
      20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,
      21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.

      Romans 8
      The whole creation will be redeemed, just as we will fully redeemed, not only our spirit, but also our flesh so that God will be all in all.

      Yes, when the sons of God of this age are made manifest, revealed, after Satan has been abyssed, then the whole creation (the world of mankind) will be delivered from the present bondage of corruption that is in the world through sin (1 Peter 1:4), and will they will also become children of God, as was Adam before Adam sinned. — Luke 3:38.

      The marvel of God’s love in this is that by condemning all mnakind in one man, only one sinless man would be needed to balance justice, whereby God could remain just while justifiying the sinner. — Romans 3:26.

      But the scriptures say that Jesus is not just the atoning sacrifice of those who believe, but also of the “whole world”. (1 John 2:2) Jesus came, not to condemn the world anew, but to save the whole world, so that there is not just the resurrecton of the justified in Christ, but also a resurrection of the unjustified through Christ’s sacrifice. — John 5:28,29; 6:39,40,44,54; 12:47,48; Acts 24:15.

      Today, God has subjected the human creation in Adam to futility, alllowing mankind to experience what it is like to be out of harmony with their creator. — Ecclesiastes 1:2,13-15; Romans 8:19-22.

      Today, God is allowing Satan to deceive the world, so the eyes are veiled. — 2 Cornthians 4:4; Revelation 29:9.

      In that “last day” (lasting 1,000 years) of judgment, God will remove the blinding veil that is spread over the nations (Isaiah 25:7); Satan will be abyssed, so that he will not be able to deceive the world. (Revelation 20:1-4)

      During the “last day” of judgment, the world will learn what is right. — Isaiah 2:2-4; 26:9; 29:23,24.

      And yet, after having such favor, after having received the benefits of the favor of God offered through the ransom sacrifice of Jesus, after having been enlightened by the truth, there will be some who will willfully refuse to learn to do what is right; such will be cast into the second death, from which there is no salvation, since there is no more a sacrifice for sin. — Isaiah 26:10; Hebrews 10:26; Revelation 20:14,15.

      See also:
      1 Peter 3:18, Romans 8:8,9 and Jesus’ Sacrifice for Sin
      http://reslight.net/?p=262

      Cesc Renton
      Resurrection does not mean live in the clouds in spirit, but to be raised from the dead, in the body of our flesh.
      A redeemed flesh…

      I agree that resurrection does not mean to live in the clouds (which are physical) in a spirit body; those who receive spiritual bodies in the resurrection will not be physical at all, and those who receive physical bodies in the resurrection will be living here on the land of masses of this planet earth, not in its clouds.

      Cesc Renton
      I strongly recommend you to read N.T.Wright in order to achieve a better understanding of this issue.

      God bless you!

      N. T. Wright has written a lot; if there is something in particular that you wish for me examine, and it is online, provide a link to it. From what I have read, he appears to have a much greater understanding of scripture than his colleagues.

      May God bless

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