Psalm 110:1 and Matthew 22:44 – Adoni or Adonai?

Psalm 110:1 and Matthew 22:44

It has been claimed that Christ cited Psalm 110:1 “to prove that He is Adonai (a Hebrew term used for Deity), seated at the right hand of Jahweh, who is invariably the great God of Israel (Matthew 22:44).”

Psalm 110:1: “A declaration of Jehovah to my Lord (adoni): Sit at My right hand, until I place Your enemies as Your footstool.” (Green’s Literal) While the Masoretes endeavored to add the vowel point in all instances where they believed ADONI applied to Jehovah (making it ADONAI, plural of ADONI), they did not add the vowel in Psalm 110:1, but left it ADONI. Thus, the Masoretic word “Adonai” does not appear in Psalm 110:1, but rather we find ADONI, “my lord”. Rather than proclaiming Jesus to be Jehovah, it shows that Jesus is not Jehovah, but that Jesus sits at the right hand of Jehovah, the only true God who anointed and sent Jesus. — Isaiah 61:1; John 17:1,3.

Matthew 22:43,44: He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying, ‘Jehovah said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet?'”

There is nothing in this that would lead to any conclusion that Christ cited Psalm 110:1 to prove that he is Adonai; “my Lord” (Adoni) as applied to Jesus does not designate Jesus as being Jehovah; it does designate him to be the lord of david. It is Jehovah, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who makes Jesus “lord”, but Jehovah never made Jesus to be Jehovah. == Ezekiel 34:23,24; 47:24; Isaiah 61:1,2; Acts 2:36; 1 Corinthians 8:6.

From David’s standpoint in Psalm 110:1, he is speaking prophectically, of a future time. Jesus does not sit at the right hand of his God until after he has ascended and offered his body of flesh to his God. (Mark 16:19; Acts 2:33; 5:31; Ephesians 1:3,17-23; Hebrews 1:3; 7:27; 8:1,4; 9:14,24; 10:10,12; 1 Peter 3:22) Jesus becomes David’s lord in the regeneration, when David is brought back to life in the age to come, although David is already reckoned as having been made alive in the sense that God calls things that are not as though they were. — Luke 20:38; Romans 4:17.

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