Some render the phrase often transliterated as “Abi-ad” in Isaiah 9:6 as “Father of Eternity” rather than simply “eternal father” or “everlasting father”. As yet we have not seen any good explanation of what such a “name” would mean as opposed to the simple expression “eternal father”. As expressed in English, “Father of Eternity” would seem to indicate a belief that Jesus is in someway the one who brought eternity into being. One would have to define eternity and also how Jesus would be the Father, the life-giver, of Eternity, in order for such a rendering to make any sense. If it is thought to mean that Jesus is the source of eternity, and Jesus himself is eternal (which some have defined existing outside of time), then one would conclude that eternity did not exist until Jesus brought into existence, but this would, in effect, mean that Jesus himself did not exist, until Jesus, who would be non-existent without eternity, brought eternity into being so that Jesus could exist in this allegded idea of eternity, which, of course, is self-contradictory. Nevertheless, many insist that it should be rendered this way, and then claim that it proves that Jesus is “eternal”, having no beginning or end thus that he possesses this attribute that only belongs to Yahweh. As yet, we have not seen any explanation given that explains how the rendering “father of eternity” would support such a view as claimed.
One site states: “the Son is called the Father of eternity meaning he is eternal.” If this should be the case, then the simple expression “eternal father” or “everlasting father” would suffice. We do believe that Jesus is now eternal according the Hebrew usage of the word, and that Jesus could thus be said to be the eternal father, although we highly doubt that this is what is being referred to in Isaiah 9:6. Jesus, however, did become what we could refer to as “everlasting/eternal father” when he became the “life-giving spirit” as the last Adam. — 1 Corinthians 15:45.
It would appear, however, that by saying that “he is eternal” many claim that Jesus had no beginning, that he has always existed. Many add the thought to the scripture that it means that he existed “in eternity outside of time.” No such thought, however, can be found in the scriptures, without reading such into the scriptures.
One claims that “Father of Eternity” means that Jesus created eternity, and thus Jesus is the Creator who created the heavens and earth in Genesis 1:1. Colossians 1:16 and Hebrews 1:2,10 are often cited as proof that Jesus is the creator. As yet, we have seen no explananation of how eternity existed before eternity was created.
Regarding Genesis 1:1 and Colossians 1:16, see:
Another claims that Jesus is the Father of Eternity, because Jesus is the Father of everlasting life. If one views this as meaning the Jesus is the regenerator of everlasting life, we could agree with this; however, if one would claim that Jesus is the ultimate source of everlasting life, we could not agree with that, since only the God and Father of Jesus is the ultimate source of all. — Romans 6:10; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 2 Corinthians 13:4.
One should note the singular “name” to be given in Isaiah 9:6 does not apply until sometime after Jesus is given to Israel (Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:32), after he is born to Israel as a son to whom is to be given the dominion (Luke 1:32; Ephesians 1:15-21), which dominion Daniel says is also given to the saints, who become joint-heirs with Jesus. (Daniel 7:27; Romans 8:17; 1 Corinthians 6:2) It is not a name given to him in his prehuman existence, so even if the expression “everlasting father” is applied to him, it would not have been so in any sense of his having no beginning.
Jesus was not actually eternal, however, until the only true God (John 17:1,3) had raised him from the dead, else he could not have died for our sins. Nor is there anything in the Bible about Jesus’ possessing two alleged states of being at once (alleged dual natures or hypostatic union). It is only since he was raised, that the one called “the first and the last” in Revelation 1:17,18; 2:9, “dies no more.” As such, however, his being eternal relates only to an eternal future, not to an alleged eternal past. — Romans 6:9.
On the other hand, the entire meaning of the name of Isaiah 9:6 can be rendered many different ways, with the recognition that EL GIBBOR does not necessarily mean “Mighty God” as that term is usually used in English. The same phrase (in plural form) appears in Ezekiel 32:21, yet we don’t know of any translation that renders the phrase there as Mighty God, or Mighty Gods. Most translations render the phrase in Ezekiel 32:21 as something like “the strong among the mighty”.
The Singular Name
More than likely, however, the singular name Pelejoezelgibborabiadsarshalom was never meant to be rendered as a series of names (plural) or titles, as we find it most translations. This singular name is given to the Messiah by the God and Father of the Messiah (2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 1:3; 1:17; 1 Peter 1:3), Yahweh (Jehovah). (Isaiah 9:7) As a singular name, it is describing the God and Father of Messiah, and not Messiah himself. Contrary to what many may think, Jesus came, not to preach himself, but to declare and make known the only true God who had sent him, and to provide the means to bring people back into harmony with the unipersonal God who had sent him. (Matthew 10:40; 11:27; Mark 9:37; Luke 9:48; 10:16; John 1:18; 4:34; 5:30,36; 6:38,39,44; 7:16,18,28; 8:26,29,42; 9:4; 12:44,49; 14:24; 17:3,6,8,26; 2 Corinthians 4:6; 1 John 4:10; 5:20) As singular name, it has been given the meaning: “Wonderful in counsel is God the Mighty, the everlasting Father, the Ruler of peace.” It thus illustrates that the Messiah, the one anointed by Yahweh, does all things to the glory and honor of his God and Father. — Luke 19:38; John 5:30; 8:28,49; 15:15; 17:18; Philippians 2:11; 1 Peter 1:21.
Messiah means “anointed one”. It corresponds with the word that most know as “Christ”. The Messiah was anointed by the only true God. The Messiah never has been, nor will be he ever be, the only true God who sent him, and who anointed him. — Psalm 2:2; 45:7; Isaiah 61:1; John 17:1,3,5; Acts 2:36; 4:27; 10:38.
More concerning Isaiah 9:6 can be found at:
The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father
The Singular Name in Isaiah 9:6
- When Jesus Became God: The Struggle to Define Christianity during the Last Days of Rome – The life of Jesus, and the subsequent persecution of Christians during the Roman Empire, have come to define what many of us know about early Christianity. The fervent debate, civil strife, and bloody riots within the Christian community as it was forming, however, is a story that is rarely told. Richard E. Rubenstein takes readers to the streets of the Roman Empire during the fourth century, where a divisive argument over the divinity of Jesus Christ was underway. Ruled by a Christian emperor, followers of Jesus no longer feared for the survival of their monotheistic faith, but they found themselves in different camps—led by two charismatic men—on the topic of Christian theology. Arius, an Alexandrian priest and poet, preached that Jesus, though holy, is less than God, while Athanasius, a brilliant and violent bishop, saw any diminution of Jesus’ godhead as the work of the devil. Between them stood Alexander, the powerful Bishop of Alexandria, in search of a solution that would keep the empire united and the Christian faith alive.
- The Companion Bible – USA – (Notes and appendices by E. W. Bullinger) A classic one-volume study Bible in the King James Version. Helps include 198 appendices, including explanations of Hebrew words and their uses; charts; parallel passages; maps; lists of proper names; calendars; and timelines. * Canada * United Kingdom * Click Here for other supplier that offers FREE Worldwide Shipping
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