Ephesians 3:20 – To him — Jesus?

Ephesians 3:20 – Now to him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us,
Ephesians 3:21 – to him be the glory in the assembly and in Christ Jesus to all generations forever and ever. Amen.  — World English Bible translation.

Epehsians 3:20 is often presented by trinitarians with the claim that this verse is proof that Jesus is “all-powerful,” and thus that Jesus is the Almighty Yahweh, the only Most High. Actually, although the verse does speak of “power,” we find nothing here about Jesus being “all-powerful,” thus that thought has to be imagined, assumed, added to, and read into the verse.

Is “to him” here speaking of “Christ”, the one anointed by Yahweh  (Isaiah 61:1,2), or is it speaking of the “God and Father” of Jesus? (Ephesians 1:3) According to many trinitarians, “to him” is referring to Christ, not the God of Jesus. One trinitarian states: “Ephesians 3:20, 21 makes no direct claim even to God, and could also certainly equally be referring to Christ who gives us power (John 1:12), and the Holy Ghost who sanctifies us by His power. (Titus 3:5, Romans 15:13)”

However, the context shows that Paul is indeed speaking of the “Father of our Lord, Jesus Christ”. (Ephesians 3:14) It is true that God Almighty has given to Jesus power which he imparts to us, thus God works in — by means of — Christ to provide this power. Titus 3:5 refers to the use of God’s personal power, his holy spirit to produce the new birth. Romans 15:13 refers to our being filled with all joy and peace in believing, that we may abound in the hope by means of the power of God’s holy spirit.

Returning to Ephesians 3:20,21, we read that “to him [God] be the glory in [by means of, through] the assembly and in [by means of, through] Christ Jesus”. Please note the one to whom the glory is being given is distinguished both from the church and Christ Jesus, thus it is very clear that “to him” is not speaking of Jesus Christ even as it is not speaking of the church.

Nevertheless, even if “to him” was referring to Jesus, we still have nothing in the verse that says that Jesus is “all powerful”. All the power that Jesus has he has been given to him by unipersonal God and Father. As a human, God gave him power. (Acts 10:38) After his resurrecion, the unipersonal God of Jesus exalted Jesus “far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion.”  (“Ephesians 1:21) Thus he returns with “great power.” (Mark 13:26) Additionaly, we read that all authority has been given to him by his unipersonal God and Father. (Matthew 28:18) Nevertheless, all power and authority given to Jesus is with the evident exception of his being or becoming the Most High. — 1 Corinthians 15:27.

Thus, there is nothing in Ephesians 3:20 that gives us any reason to believe that Jesus has the power exclusive to the Most High, or that Jesus is Yahweh, and certainly nothing about God being more than one person. What the trinitarian actually presents concerning that verse as proof that Jesus is “all-powerful” is what has to be imagined and assumed, not what is actually there.

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