Is the One God Three?

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[Restoring the Biblical Christ: Is Jesus God? Volume One]
[Englishman’s Hebrew/Greek Concordance and Lexicon]


An argument is often presented by many to prove the trinity; a similar argument is used by some others, such as the “oneness” believers. One site lists five points as an alleged reason for believing the trinity:

— Jesus’ Father is God
— Jesus is God
— Jesus’ Spirit is God
— The Father is distinct from the Son, who are both distinct from the Holy Spirit

— Yet there is only One God

The Athanasian Creed reads:

So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God. And yet they are not three Gods, but one God.

http://anglicansonline.org/basics/athanasian.html

https://jdylanparker.wordpress.com/tag/athanasian-creed/

Many often present the above over and over, often providing scriptures, with the claim that this reveals the trinity. Oneness believers often use this same method, although they usually present Jesus as being the Father. The question is usually asked: “Who does the Bible say is God?” Then a response is given, with scriptures, to show that the Father is God, the Son is God, and that the Holy Spirit is God. Since, it is claimed that there is only one who is “God”, from this it is deduced that the trinity doctrine (or oneness doctrine) must be true. This relies on the false assumption that if one is exressed as being “GOD” in the Bible, then that one must either be the only true God, or else he must be a false god.
See:
True God Versus False God = False Dichotomy

Proof that the Father is God = Ephesians 4:6.

Yes, the God and Father of Jesus is the only true God. God, by means of his holy spirit, reveals through the scriptures that Yahweh (Jehovah) is the only true God, the God and Father of the Lord Jesus. Jesus has One who is the Supreme Being over him; Jesus is not his Supreme Being whom he worships, prays to, and who sent him, and whose will he carried out in willful obedience. — Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Matthew 4:4 (Deuteronomy 8:3; Luke 4:4); Matthew 4:7 (Deuteronomy 6:16); Matthew 4:10 (Exodus 20:3-5; 34:14; Deuteronomy 6:13,14; 10:20; Luke 4:8); Matthew 22:29-40; Matthew 26:42; Matthew 27:46; Mark 10:6 (Genesis 1:27; Genesis 2:7,20-23); Mark 14:36; 15:34; Luke 22:42; John 4:3; 5:30; 6:38; 17:1,3; 20:17; Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 11:31; Ephesians 1:3,17; Hebrews 1:9; 10:7; 1 Peter 1:3; Revelation 2:7; 3:2,12.

We are then given Titus 2:13 as proof that Jesus is also God.

Titus 2:13 – looking for the blessed hope and appearing of the glory of the great God and our Savior, Jesus Christ.
See:
Titus 2:13 – The Great God

Yes, Jesus is the Savior sent by the great God. The only true God, by means of his holy spirit, reveals through the scriptures that Jesus was sent by Yahweh, speaks for Yahweh, represents Yahweh, and was raised and glorified by the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jesus never claimed to be, nor do the scriptures present Jesus as, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, whom Jesus represents and speaks for. — Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Matthew 22:32; 23:39; Mark 11:9,10; 12:26; Luke 13:35; 20:37; John 3:2,17,32-35; 4:34; 5:19,30,36,43; 6:57; 7:16,28; 8:26,28,38; 10:25; 12:49,50; 14:10; 15:15; 17:8,26; 20:17; Acts 2:22,34-36; 3:13,22; 5:30; Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 8:6; 11:31; Colossians 1:3,15; 2:9-12; Hebrews 1:1-3; Revelation 1:1.

Then, of course, we are given John 1:1 as proof that Jesus is God.

In the beginning was the Word [LOGOS}, and the Word [LOGOS] was with God [TON THEON], and the Word [LOGOS} was God [THEOS]. The same was in
the beginning with God [TON THEON]. All things were made through him.
Without him was not anything made that has been made. John 1:1,2.

Jesus showed that he was with the only true God, his God and Father, in words recorded at John 17:1,3,5. Jesus is therefore not the only true God whom he was with. John emphasizes twice that the Logos was with Ton Theon, thus we the Logos is definitely not Ton Theon whom he was with, and yet he is in some way “theos.” Rather than using our imagination so as to add to and read into this scripture that Ton Theon refers to the first person of the supposed trinity, and theos refers to the second person of the supposed trinity, we should look to the scriptures to see in what way one who is not the only true God (John 17:5) can be referred to by using the term “theos.” Jesus himself shows us that the plural of theos (theoi) is used of the sons of God to whom the Logos came (John 1:12,14; 10:35) in words that John records in John 10:34,35. Jesus there references Psalm 82:1,6,7, where the sons of God are referred to both as EL and ELOHIM. “God [ELOHIM, Strong’s #430] standeth in the congregation of the mighty [EL, Strong’s #410]; he judgeth among the gods [elohim, Strong’s #430].” (Psalm 82:1, King James Version) Elohim (Strong’s #430) is a plural form of EL (Strong’s 410). This illustrates that the word EL, when applied to others than Yahweh, takes on a more general meaning of mightiness; applying this to John 1:1c “the Logos was mighty.”

See:
THe Word Was Mighty
Psalm 82:6 – Who Are the Gods?

John 1:14 is also referred to in this connection.

John 1:14 – The Word became flesh, and lived among us. We saw his glory, such glory as of the only Son of the Father, full of grace and truth.

Yes, the mighty Logos who was with his God and Father, the only true God (John 17:3), before the world of mankind was made, “became” flesh. He became human, and no longer had the glory that he had with the only true God before he came into the world of mankind. (John 17:5) The sons of God to whom the Logos came in the first century saw him in full human, terrestrial glory (1 Corinthians 15:40), a glory that never fell short of the glory of God, since Jesus was always obedient to the only true God; he never onced sinned. (John 8:29; Romans 3:23; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15; 7:26; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5) The glory that those sons of God saw was a glory a little lower than the angels. — Hebrews 2:9.

See our study:
The Logos Became Flesh

Next we are given John 20:28 as proof that Jesus is God.

John 20:28
apekrithee thwmas kai eipen autw ho kurios mou
ANSWERED THOMAS AND HE SAID TO HIM THE LORD OF ME
061 2381 2532 1511_7 0846_5 3588 2962 1473_2
kai ho theos mou
AND THE GOD OF ME!
2532 3588 2316 1473_2
Westcott & Hort Interlinear

This is one of the very few instances in the Bible that it is claimed that the word THEOS is used of Jesus. Even here, however, some scholars, due to the peculiar Greek sentence structure, do not believe that Thomas meant the address “the god of me” to be directed toward Jesus, but rather to the God of Jesus. Assuming, however, that Thomas really did mean “and the god of me” to be directed to Jesus, it still would not mean that Thomas thought he was addressing the Most High Yahweh himself in the flesh. Rather, it would indicate that Thomas recognized Jesus as his one of strength, his mighty ruler, in accordance with the Hebraic usage.

Hebraic Usage of the Titles for “God”
John 20:28 – My Lord and My God
John 20:28 – The God of Thomas

I might add that there is no tradition of addressing Jesus as “my God” or “our God” in the New Testament.

Another site gives the following additional scriptures as proof that Jesus is God: Matthew 1:23; Romans 9:5; 1st Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:8; John 5:18; Philippians 2:5-6; Isaiah 9:6.

All of these scriptures have been discussed before, so we will provide links here to former discussions:

Matthew 1:23

Matthew 1:23 – Immanuel, God with us.

Romans 9:5

Romans 9:5 – Who is Over All

1 Timothy 3:16

1 Timothy 3:16 – Mystery of the Godhead?

1 Timothy 3:16 – God in the Flesh?

Hebrews 1:8

Hebrews 1:8 – Why is Jesus called “Elohim” and “Theos”? Psalm 45:6,7

John 5:18

John 5:18 – The Jewish Leaders’ “Cause” to Kill Jesus

Philippians 2:5,6

See the following studies:

Philippians 2:5-11 – Humility of Mind
Philippians 2:5-11 — The Unipersonal God Exalted Jesus
Philippians 2:6 – Did Paul Say Jesus Is God? (Video)
Philippians 2:6,7 and the Greek Morphe
Philippians 2:9 – Was the Holy Name Changed to “Jesus”?

Isaiah 9:6

See the following studies:

Isaiah 9:6 – Father of Eternity
Isaiah 9:6 – Not a Series of Names
Isaiah 9:6 – The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father
Isaiah 9:6 – The Singular Name of the Son Given
Isaiah 9:6 and the Alleged Trinity
Isaiah 9:6 – Mighty God and the Singular Name
******************

We are finally given Acts 5:3,4 as alleged proof that the holy spirit is God.

But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thy heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back [part] of the price of the land? While it remained, did it not remain thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thy power? How is it that thou hast conceived this thing in thy heart? thou has not lied unto men, but unto God. — American Standard Version

The holy spirit is not directly called “God”, but since God uses his holy spirit as a means to speak and to act, it is essentially the same as God.

God’s holy spirit is likened to God’s finger (as the power of God). (Matthew 12:28; Luke 11:20) As the revealment of truth, the holy spirit is likened to God’s “mouth”. — 1 Kings 8:24; 2 Chronicles 6:4; 36:12,21; Ezra 1:1; Isaiah 1:20; 40:5; 45:23; 48:3; 58:14; 62:2; Jeremiah 9:12,20; Ezekiel 33:7; Micah 4:4; Matthew 4:4; Mark 12:36; Acts 1:17; 28:25; Hebrews 3:7; 9:8; 10:15,16; 2 Peter 1:21.

Deuteronomy 4:35 is given as proof that there is only one true God.

Yes, the one and only true God – the only true Might — is the God and Father of Jesus, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who sent Jesus. Any others who are legitimately designated as being a god, or gods, are true gods in the sense that the Sour of all mighty has given them some special mightiness or authority; Jesus is not his God who sent him.

However, the trinity usually presents only half-truths while ignoring the various scriptures wherein many others are also referred to in some form of the words for “God.” If any usage of the words for “God” in reference to God’s son means that the Son is God of whom he is the Son, then the same principle should apply to Moses (Exodus 7:1), the angels (Psalm 8:5; Hebrews 2:7); all the sons of God to whom the Logos came (Psalm 82:1,6,7; John 1:12,14; 10:34,35), as well as Laban’s hand (Genesis 31:29), the hand of all Israel (Deuteronomy 28:32), the hand of the people who gave a cry as spoken of in Nehemiah 5:1,5. The KJV renders the word for “God” (forms of EL and ELOHIM in the Hebrew) so as to denote strength, power, might, rulership, etc., such as in the following verses: Genesis 23:6 (mighty); Genesis 30:8 (mighty); Genesis 31:29 (power); Deuteronomy 28:32 (might); 1 Samuel 14:15 (great); Nehemiah 5:5 (power); Psalm 8:5 (angels); Psalm 36:6 (great); Psalm 82:1 (mighty); Proverbs 3:27 (power); Psalm 29:1 (mighty); Ezekiel 32:21 (strong); Jonah 3:3 (exceeding). Of course, if one were to substitute “false god” in these verses, we would have some absurd statements. Likewise, any application of the words for “God” to the Son of God should not be understood as saying that the Son is God of who he is the Son, but rather as saying that he is “mighty.”

The conclusion that we are being told to reach from this is that the Bible says that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are all Jehovah God.

The true Biblical conclusion: God, through his holy spirit, as revealed in the scriptures, is telling us that Jesus is not Yahweh whom Jesus worships (serves as a servant, prays to) as his God. — Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; Isaiah 42:1; 53:11; Matthew 4:10; 12:18; 27:46; Mark 15:34; Luke 4:8; John 13:16; 17

We should also note that in none of the scriptures presented is there any reference to three persons in the only true God, or God in three persons, etc. The idea has to be assumed (actually preconceived, and presented as though this should be the default reasoning), added to, and read into, all of the scriptures presented.

         
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